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Investors, government and community authorities and other stakeholders need to collaborate at wider geographical scales to strengthen land governance at scale and create greater shared value. To avoid being confined to islands of success, mechanisms to strengthen stakeholder engagement in planning and land governance across wider landscapes and territories are key features of an improved business environment for sustainable and responsible investment.

Highlighted Tools & Resources


A holistic approach to sustainable production, forest protection and social inclusion

Their Production, Protection and Inclusion Approach is used 13 landscapes in 9 countries.  IDH Sustainable Trade creates areas where agricultural products are grown sustainably (Production), forests and natural resources are safeguarded (Protection), and communities thrive (Inclusion). See brief (link is external).


World Resources Institute: African Forest landscape Initiative

The African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (link is external) (AFR100) is a country-led effort to bring 100 million hectares of deforested and degraded landscapes across Africa into restoration by 2030. The initiative connects political partners technical and financial support to scale up restoration on the ground and capture associated benefits for food security, climate change resilience, and poverty alleviation.

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Responsible investment pilots involved practical action with multiple stakeholders across wider areas where land and natural resources are important for environmental services and adaptation to climate change as well as for agriculture and local and regional economies.

Tenure security for indigenous communities and clarification of overlapping rights to land and natural resources is critical to control of deforestation and for management of intact forestlands. But ways to strengthen land rights and governance are often missing from climate and landscape programmes.

The corporate sector, and many smaller businesses, have made substantial commitments to reducing carbon emissions and eliminating deforestation and making land use more sustainable across supply chains. Landscape approaches are popular, and public-private climate and landscape finance is available but mechanisms for implementation are lacking.

The P4F programme has pioneered development of 47 public-private-community partnerships that are developing scalable sustainable investments combining production of 23 different commodities and protection of forest environments, promoting participatory approaches and multi-stakeholder platforms involving companies, communities, local government and customary authorities. Examples include:

Several LEGEND projects took steps to establish ongoing institutional arrangements to bring stakeholders together in landscape-wide associations and platforms, in which engagement of jurisdictional authorities, including both local government and customary leaders, has proved essential.

  • Solidaridad established a multi stakeholder platform involving district and chieftaincy authorities in Pujehun district, Sierra Leone.
  • Micaia established a baobab harvesters association working with communities across two districts in Mozambique, with a potential future role in a multi-stakeholder landscape wide natural resource management plan.
  • VSF - Belgium and UCRT built a multi-stakeholder sustainable cultural tourism plan for the Lake Eyasi valley in northern Tanzania and laid the foundations for the foundations for a landscape management platform, and multiple resource protection and management initiatives by local groups.  
  • ORAM established community land associations in 20 communities, within Portucel’s vast concessions, with potential to work together and with other stakeholders across several districts. Here, local land documentation, is helping to reduce uncontrolled fires.

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