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Translation of Global Climate Change Discourses to the Local Policies, and the Resilience of Pastoralists

Peer-reviewed publication
November, 2020
Africa

The paper focused on the need to document impacts of the global climate discourses at the local levels. In addition, it sought to fill the lacuna on the translation of discourses insofar as pastoralists land rights’ and adaptation are concerned, while looking at translation and implementation of these discourses. Theoretically, the paper employed the Actor-Network-Theory where civil society organizations are hinged around key actors in formulating Kenya climate law.

Vers une transhumance apaisée à la frontière entre le Togo et le Burkina Faso ?

Reports & Research
October, 2020
Togo

« (...) conjointement à la poursuite des initiatives pour le renforcement du dialogue et des soutiens d’un pastoralisme qui ne peut être stigmatisé et donc menacé, hypothèse est faite que le double recours à des approches territoriales et à l’anticipation pouvait être adapté à certains des défis du pastoralisme transfrontalier.
La prospective territoriale offre deux avantages complémentaires :
• replacer les mobilités animales et les questions de gestion de ressources à une échelle plus large que celle des seuls acteurs du pastoralisme ;

Farmer-herder conflict in sub-Saharan Africa?

Reports & Research
September, 2020
Africa

This report responds to heightened concerns over rising levels of farmer-herder conflict across a wide band of semi-arid Africa. We assess the quantitative evidence behind this general impression and review the explanations in the scientific literature, in the light of known issues with long-standing attitudes towards pastoralism and mobile populations. Looking at the data available, we find that total levels of all forms of violence have been rising in the last ten years — especially in some countries in West and Central Africa.

Land Grabs at Gunpoint

July, 2020

Argues that the classic problematics of agrarian studies;around production;accumulation and politics;apply as much to pastoralists as they do to peasants. Processes of social differentiation and class formation;the role of wage labour and questions around mobilisation and politics are consistently relevant. However;a reflection on a large literature on pastoralism across nine world regions reveals that there are nevertheless some important contrasts with classic representations of a settled peasantry.

How to prevent land use conflicts in pastoral areas

Peer-reviewed publication
June, 2020
Global

This How-to-do Note focuses on how conflicts over land and natural resources in pastoral areas can be prevented or, if already present, transformed into positive outcomes. It identifies why land tenure is a complex issue within pastoralism, discusses the combination of factors that are contributing to more insecure pastoral tenure and triggering pastoral area conflicts, and introduces some of the frameworks, tools and approaches that can be used as part of project design to reduce the potential for conflict.

Reviewing the role of women pastoralist in conflicts in the Horn of Africa

Peer-reviewed publication
April, 2020
Central African Republic

The Horn of Africa has seen its fair share of natural resource conflicts among and between competing pastoralists communities. The conflicts hitherto associated with men, ignored women pastoralists’ role in the same conflict. Using an existing data and an open-ended qualitative approach the study sought answers on the role of women pastoralists in conflict in the horn of Africa. Results show that women have a hand in conflict either by offering active or passive support. The review takes note that women’s involvement in conflict has evolved to peace-building.

Translation of Global Climate Change Discourses to the Local Policies, and the Resilience of Pastoralists

Peer-reviewed publication
April, 2020
Africa

The paper focused on the need to document impacts of the global climate discourses at the local levels. In addition, it sought to fill the lacuna on the translation of discourses insofar as pastoralists land rights’ and adaptation are concerned, while looking at translation and implementation of these discourses. Theoretically, the paper employed the Actor-Network-Theory where civil society organizations are hinged around key actors in formulating Kenya climate law.

Land In India: Issues and Debates

Reports & Research
February, 2020
India

This report titled Land in India: Issues and Debates is part of an initiative under the aegis of India Land & Development Conference (ILDC) which has a long-term objective of bringing out an annual Status of Land in India volume. This report is a modest beginning in that direction by drawing on the works of ILDC partners to present a quick over view of some of the key developments and debates in India’s land sector. The report brings together 11key issues which currently engage the minds of the policy makers and researchers in India.

La mise en place des comités de transhumance au Niger - Une démarche inédite et réussie en matière de dialogue multi-acteurs pour améliorer la gouvernance des terres pastorales

Reports & Research
December, 2019
Afrique
Niger

Au Niger comme dans tous les pays du Sahel, le pastoralisme fait face à des défis majeurs. La transhumance transfrontalière – pratique séculaire caractérisant le pastoralisme dans toute l’Afrique au sud du Sahara et dont les bienfaits ne sont plus à démontrer – est dangereusement menacée.

Participatory rangeland management (PRM) being piloted in Kenya and Tanzania covering 246,773 ha of pastoralists' communal grazing lands, and upscaled in Ethiopia (Updated 2020)

December, 2019

Participatory rangeland management (PRM) was developed by ILRI and partners in Ethiopia, piloted and then upscaled. PRM improves the productivity of rangelands and access to resources for local rangelands users (communities). In 2018, the European Union invested Euro 1.5 million in the Piloting of PRM Project in Baringo County, Kenya and six shared grazing lands in Tanzania (targeting 450,000 pastoralists and agropastoralists). In 2020/21 PRM is being upscaled through a USD 30 million investment on 8.8 million hectares in Ethiopia.