A peer-reviewed publication is a subcategory under Journal Articles & Books, in the sense that it is an article with a more scientific approach. In general, the following description of a peer-reviewed publication is used: "Articles are written by experts and are reviewed by several other experts in the field before the article is published in the journal in order to insure the article's quality" (Source: Angelo State University).

FAO Support to Land Consolidation in Europe and Central Asia During 2002-2018 cover image
Peer-reviewed publication
February 2019
Central Asia
Cyprus
Turkey
Europe
Greece
Spain

Shortly after the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was founded in 1945, the organization had started to support member countries addressing structural problems in agriculture with land fragmentation and small holding and farm sizes through the development of land consolidation instruments (Binns, 1950). During the 1950s and 1960s, FAO provided technical assistance to the development of land consolidation in member countries in Europe such as Turkey, Greece, Spain and Cyprus, but also in the Near East and Asia (Meliczek, 1973).

Combating Land Degradation and Desertification: The Land-Use Planning Quandary cover image
Peer-reviewed publication
February 2019
Global

Land-use planning (LUP), an instrument of land governance, is often employed to protect land and humans against natural and human-induced hazards, strengthen the resilience of land systems, and secure their sustainability. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) underlines the critical role of appropriate local action to address the global threat of land degradation and desertification (LDD) and calls for the use of local and regional LUP to combat LDD and achieve land degradation neutrality. The paper explores the challenges of putting this call into practice.

Predicting Land Use Changes in Philadelphia Following Green Infrastructure Policies cover image
Peer-reviewed publication
February 2019
United States of America

Urbanization is a rapid global trend, leading to consequences such as urban heat islands and local flooding. Imminent climate change is predicted to intensify these consequences, forcing cities to rethink common infrastructure practices. One popular method of adaptation is green infrastructure implementation, which has been found to reduce local temperatures and alleviate excess runoff when installed effectively. As cities continue to change and adapt, land use/landcover modeling becomes an important tool for city officials in planning future land usage.

What Awaits Myanmar’s Uplands Farmers? Lessons Learned from Mainland Southeast Asia cover image
Peer-reviewed publication
February 2019
Myanmar

Mainland Southeast Asia (MSA) has seen sweeping upland land use changes in the past decades, with transition from primarily subsistence shifting cultivation to annual commodity cropping. This transition holds implications for local upland communities and ecosystems. Due to its particular political regime, Myanmar is at the tail of this development.

Analysis of High Temporal Resolution Land Use/Land Cover Trajectories cover image
Peer-reviewed publication
February 2019
Brazil

In this study, methods, originally developed to assess life course trajectories, are explored in order to evaluate land change through the analysis of sequences of land use/cover. Annual land cover maps which describe land use/land cover change for the 1985–2017 period for a large region in Northeast Brazil were analyzed. The most frequent sequences, the entropy and the turbulence of the land trajectories, and the average time of permanence were computed. Clusters of similar sequences were determined using different dissimilarity measures.

Expropriation of Real Property in Kigali City: Scoping the Patterns of Spatial Justice cover image
Peer-reviewed publication
January 2019
Rwanda

The key question in this article is the extent to which current real property expropriation practices in Kigali city promote spatial justice. Current studies focus on the ambiguous manner in which real property valuation had been regulated by the expropriation law of 2007, leading to unfair compensation and various conflicts between expropriating agencies and expropriated people. Following its amendment in 2015, the law currently provides clearer procedures for valuation and fair compensation, based on the market prices.

Land Governance in Post-Conflict Settings: Interrogating Decision-Making by International Actors cover image
Peer-reviewed publication
February 2019
Burundi
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Humanitarian and development organizations working in conflict-affected settings have a particular responsibility to do no harm and contribute to the wellbeing of the population without bias. The highly complex, politicized realities of work in conflict- and post-conflict settings often require quick, pragmatic and results-oriented decisions, the foundations of which remain frequently implicit. Such decisions might follow an intrinsic logic or situational pragmatism rather than intensive deliberation.

Journal Articles & Books
Peer-reviewed publication
Colombia

El prop?sito de este art?culo es analizar el impacto de los derechos de propiedad sobre el desarrollo econ?mico. Para este efecto, se tom? como base los planteamientos de la teor?a neoinstitucional sobre las instituciones y su impacto sobre el comportamiento humano. Definici?n a partir de la cual se establece si los derechos de propiedad pueden ser considerados como una instituci?n, que ejerce influencia en los incentivos de los agentes econ?micos y de esta forma en los resultados econ?micos de una naci?n.

Journal Articles & Books
Peer-reviewed publication
January 2014
Colombia

El presente artículo da cuenta de las relaciones entre indígenas y comunidades negras en la zona del Norte del Cauca (San Rafael y Monte Teta) y del Norte del Chocó (Unguía), enfocándose en las situaciones de conflicto por el territorio; ello con el objetivo de demostrar que los grupos étnicos no son homogéneos ni presentan un estado de inercia en el tiempo.

Journal Articles & Books
Peer-reviewed publication
Peru
Central America
South America

In Latin America, water governance is facing the problem of rising demand for water resources, increased hydrological variability in a context of climate change, proliferating contamination and thus —in general— increasing scarcity of water in terms of quantity, quality, and opportunity. This creates competition and conflicts among stakeholders. The issue coincides with the urgent international problem of concentration of land, which is heavily intertwined with the concentration of water in the hands of the few.

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