Ethiopia is endowed with a huge and remarkable natural resource base which could serve as a strong springboard to economic and social development. The country has devised an attractive incentive package to promote investment in various sectors. One of these sectors is large-scale commercial farming where foreign and national investors acquired lands for development from the National and Regional States where the land is proved to be productive and settlement is sparse.
Nevertheless, in the Ethiopian context, any development project should conduct an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) study to get environmental clearance from the competent Authority.
This report contains information on the baseline conditions of different biophysical and socio-cultural environments of a project area. Following, impact identification and analysis, ESIA identifies mitigation measures for perceived actual and potential impacts of the activities of a project on these receptors. Such mitigation measures are formulated into an Environmental Management Plan (EMP), which could be either a standalone report or integratedinto the ESIA report.
This training manual is designed to enable the trainees to acquire skills and knowledge to conduct environmental monitoring for large-scale commercial farming. Tools such as exercises and proactive learning are the approaches to be used to intensively engage them. Moreover, key elements of Environmental Monitoring are provided and will be further elaborated during tailored group discussins and exercises.
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