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Library Guidelines for wetlands ecosystems valuation in the Nile basin

Guidelines for wetlands ecosystems valuation in the Nile basin

Guidelines for wetlands ecosystems valuation in the Nile basin

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Date of publication
December 2016
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Economic valuation of wetland ecosystem services enhances informed public decision

making concerning sustainable utilization of the ecosystem. The valuation is particularly

crucial where the economic values of wetlands need to be compared directly against the

monetary value of alternative public investments.

Burullus lake is one of the most vulnerable areas along the delta’s, it is the second largest of

the Egyptian northern lakes along the Mediterranean coast declared by Prime ministerial

decree 1444 in the year 1998, a protected area. In 1998 Burullus Lake was approved as a

RAMSAR site in Egypt, this report aim to clarify the main terms and methodology used by

several guidelines to valuate use and non use ecosystem services, two questionnaires were

prepared to conduct a new field work for further information about local communities

satisfaction toward the fish capture as a market price method and bird watching as a travel

cost method.

In Mara wetland, Tanzania, economic valuation of ES derived from the wetland remains

limited despite the fact that the wetland has been expanding landward over the last five

decades. This study reviewed different economic valuation tools used in estimating

economic values of wetlands, their limitations and selected the appropriate methods

applicable in the case of the Mara wetland. In this case, market price-based methods were

used to estimate their values. Other provisioning ES such as water and pasture for livestock

however, are not for sale. The monetary values of water and livestock’s pasture were

estimated by group valuation method through an FGD consisting of 23 people utilizing the

services. Water purification ES of the wetland though assessed in this study was not valued

directly to avoid double counting of the service. The willingness to pay for the water provision

captures both water quality and quantity. The current (2015/2016) annual total economic

value of Mara wetland in terms of provisioning and water purification ES is TZS

39,877,804.22 (USD18, 453.40) of which crop production contributes the highest (47%)

value of the TEV while thatching grass contributes the lowest (0.1%).

The dinder park of Sudan was declared a National Park at 1935, as Biosphere reserve at

1979 and was designated as Wetland of International Importance (Ramsar site) in 2005. The

economic evaluation methods are mainly by direct use and market prices. The Total

Economic Value (TEV) produced as result is (92944.22 USD) The economic importance of

the wetlands is definite and this TEV is still limited if compared to the real benefits from the

different Dinder wetland' ecosystems.

In Nakivubo wetland, Uganda the direct use value of the main provisioning services of the

Nakivubo wetland Local Communities (one household per hectare per year) is worth about

8,951,809.11Uganda Shillings ($14,833.88).

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CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)

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