Characterization of sheep fattening at small holder level in different agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia—Amhara and Tigray Regions | Land Portal | Securing Land Rights Through Open Data

Resource information

Date of publication: 
December 2016
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
handle:10568/79978
License of the resource: 

Amhara Region

The purpose of the study was to characterize sheep fattening production system at small holder level in rural areas of Ethiopia, based on different agro-ecological zones (AEZs). 108 small holder sheep fatteners were selected by random sampling out of Amhara region. Therefore, three AEZs within Amhara region made a total of 12 study areas, each with about 36 respondents who were selected purposively, based on the relevant activity and accessibility to transportation. The collected data from the questionnaire was analyzed based on software, SPSS. The result of the region showed that the sheep fattening practice in general, in different AEZs, was found relatively more defined in the highlands, than in the mid lands and the low lands, respectively. Better market demand, shorter distance to health center, qualitatively and quantitatively feed resources availability, higher net profit gain, relatively better market value chain were scored in the highlands than the rest, followed by mid land and the least score in low lands. The high temperatures in the lowlands influenced health problem which ultimately resulted in low production. Even so, the fattening production system is semi- intensive even in better scoring areas and declines to extensive in most cases. But in fulfilling the constraints of each AEZ would enable them to have optimum and relatively, similar production potential. Besides, using appropriate breeds, market chains, distribution of industrial by-products and promotion of loans supported with agricultural inputs would encourage the small holder farmers to engage in sheep fattening, consistently.

Tigray Region

The purpose of the study was to characterize sheep fattening production system at small holder level in rural areas of Ethiopia, based on different agro-ecological zones (AEZs). 108 small holder sheep fatteners were selected by random sampling out of Tigray region, in three AEZs, each having three kebeles with a total of 12 study areas. In every kebele, 12 respondents were selected using purposive sampling. The collected data from 180 questionnaires was analyzed using SPSS. The mean family size of households in the highlands midland and lowlands were 5.25, 6.36 and 5.42, respectively. Only 11.1% of the respondents in the highlands, 16.7% in the midlands and 30.6% in the lowlands engage in non-agricultural activities. Results from the region showed that there was significantly (p< 0.05) better fattening experience in the highlands compared to other AEZs. However, net profit gain was significantly (p< 0.05) higher in the lowlands. Midlands were significantly (p<0.05) higher in family size. The average water availability was 1.28+0.11kms in the highlands which is significantly (p< 0.05) higher than the lowlands 1.00+0.00s. Using appropriate breeds, market chains, and distribution of industrial by-products and promotion of loans supported with agricultural inputs would encourage the smallholder farmers to engage in sheep fattening consistently.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 
Mekonnen, S.
Corporate Author(s): 
Bahir Dar University logo

Bahir Dar University was established by merging two former higher education institutions; namely the Bahir Dar Polytechnic and Bahir Dar Teachers’ College. The Bahir Dar Polytechnic Institute, which has transformed itself into Technology and Textile institutes, was established in 1963 under the technical cooperation between the Government of USSR and the Imperial Government of Ethiopia. The institute was a premier institute in producing technicians for the nation.

Publisher(s): 
Bahir Dar University logo

Bahir Dar University was established by merging two former higher education institutions; namely the Bahir Dar Polytechnic and Bahir Dar Teachers’ College. The Bahir Dar Polytechnic Institute, which has transformed itself into Technology and Textile institutes, was established in 1963 under the technical cooperation between the Government of USSR and the Imperial Government of Ethiopia. The institute was a premier institute in producing technicians for the nation.

Data provider

CGIAR (CGIAR)

CGIAR is the only worldwide partnership addressing agricultural research for development, whose work contributes to the global effort to tackle poverty, hunger and major nutrition imbalances, and environmental degradation.

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