This Act provides for the establishment and regulation of the Department of Lands. The Act contains provisions on State Lands, Government Lands, Registers and Fees, and miscellaneous and temporary provisions. The Department shall have the charge of and act as a guardian over all State lands and creeks of Guyana, except as comprised within a State forest declared under the Forests Act (sect. 5) and over all Government lands except lands occupied with buildings under the charge of the Public Works Ministry.
Amended by: Guyana Lands and Survey Commission Act (Cap. 59:05.) (2001-06-16)
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Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence.