This Act provides that the owners of (undivided) shares in any land representing more than 51 percent in any area may present a petition to the Minister for the partitioning or re-allotment of land. The Minister may appoint an officer to partition and re-allot (sect. 6). The powers of such officer are specified in section 7 to 12. Where an owner of any share or holding in land cannot be ascertained, the officer may order the share or holding to be sold by public auction (sect. 11). The Officer may determine compensation for the loss of crop (sect. 13). The Officer shall report to the Minister responsible for local government upon his decisions which require approval from the Minister (sect. 16). The remaining sections deal with appeal agianst decisions of the Officer, expenses of re-allotment and taxes. The Minister may make regulations to carry out the provisions of this Act. (23 sections)
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Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence.
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