The Act consists of 11 Chapters divided into 64 articles: Preliminary (I); Abolition of Jimidari (II); Ceilings of Land (III); Acquisition of Land in Excess of Upper Ceiling (IV); Compensation (V); Sale and Disposal of Land (VI); Provisions Relating to Tenant (VII); Provisions on Rent (VIII); Provisions on Compulsory Saving and Debt (IX); Provisions Relating to Land-Use, Control of Land Fragmentation and Plotting (Chaklabandi) (IXA); Authorities and Procedures (X); Miscellaneous (XI).This Act abolishes the Jimidari system for the collection of land taxes. It states also the maximum area of land which any person may hold or cultivate in the capacity of landowner or tenant, respectively. The land acquired in excess of the area permitted shall be confiscated by the Government according to the procedure set out by the present Act. With respect to tenancy, the Act stated the maximum area of land which any person may cultivate in the capacity of tenant. Section 26 regulates the rights and obligations of the tenant, as well as the circumstances in which the resumption of land by the landowner may be allowed. Furthermore, the Act makes provisions for the eviction of the tenant, to be ordered by the district Court upon application submitted by the landowner. Further provisions concern the time for payment and the remission of rents. Chapter IX concern financial measures relevant to compulsory savings to be made from the main annual crop and other matters connected therewith (e.g. interest on savings, refund of savings, deposit of savings against security, loans, etc.). Final provisions concern the creation of Committees and the appointment of authorities for the purpose of implementing the objectives of the present Act.
Implemented by: Land Rules 1964. (1983)
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During the late 18th-early 19th centuries, the principality of Gorkha united many of the other principalities and states of the sub-Himalayan region into a Nepalese Kingdom. Nepal retained its independence following the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16 and the subsequent peace treaty laid the foundations for two centuries of amicable relations between Britain and Nepal.
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