This Act makes provision with respect to planning of development of land in Guyana. The Act consists of 46 sections divided into 6 Parts: Preliminary (I); Preparation and approval of Schemes (II); Interim development of land (III); Contents and effects of Schemes (IV); Compensation and betterment (V); Miscellaneous (VI).The duty of carrying out of provisions of this Act, including the execution and enforcement of town planning schemes, regional schemes and supplementary schemes, shall be vested in the Central Housing and Planning Authority established under the Housing Act (sect. 3). Local authorities may join to prepare local schemes in the sense of section 6. Sections and following concern schemes prepared and adopted by the Central Authority. Every scheme shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of a register of all things as are required to be registered by this Act (sect. 12). Section 22 outlines powers of the Central Authority to enforce and carry into effect schemes. The central Authority may issue General Development Orders under section 24. Sections 26 and concern acquisition of land to which a scheme applies by the Minister. The Central Authority may enter into agreements with land owners for purposes of restrictions on the use of land. (Completed by 2 Schedules)
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Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence.