Soil on which stable negative processes of change of the state of soil are under way as a result of anthropogenetic or natural factors is considered degraded. Soil conservation or its temporary exclusion from economic activity is carried out for the purpose of prevention and elimination of the processes of soil degradation, restoration of soil fertility and rehabilitation of contaminated territories. Conservation regards: a) agricultural land with heavily eroded, heavily saline soils, heavily swamped soils (as a result of flood or infringement of ecological requirements), soil subject to considerable desertification, soft soil as a result of the extraction of minerals, reindeer pastures with heavily damaged ground and vegetable topsoil when the purposeful use of the aforesaid land would lead to further development of the negative processes, deterioration of soil and ecology; b) land contaminated by toxic industrial waste and by radioactive materials over maximum permissible limits.
Implements: Ministerial Decree No. 555 regarding validation of the Regulation on the modalities of conservation of degraded agricultural land and land contaminated by toxic industrial waste and by nuclear waste. (1994-12-27)
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