This Act establishes the Agricultural and Rural Development Authority under section 3 as a body corporate. The operations of the Authority shall, subject to this Act, be controlled by a Board constituted under section 5. For the better exercise of its functions and powers the Board may establish one or more committees (sect. 12). Subject to this Act and any other enactment, the functions and duties of the Authority shall be: (a) to plan, co-ordinate, implement, promote and assist agricultural development in Zimbabwe; (b) to prepare and, with the agreement of the Minister, to implement schemes for the betterment of agriculture in any part of Zimbabwe; (c) to plan, promote, co-ordinate and carry out schemes for the development, exploitation, utilization, settlement or disposition of State land specified in the Third Schedule; (d) any other functions and duties which may be imposed upon the Authority by any enactment. The President may, by Statutory Instrument, amend the Third Schedule (sect. 18). Powers of the Authority are specified in the First Schedule.
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The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the former British South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980.