The purpose of this Act is the determination of terms regarding the utilization of land in each area of the country, the equal distribution of technical and infrastructural works, taking into consideration the principle of sustainable development, the protection of territorial, natural, ecological and cultural features and values, and the conservation of natural resources. The Act determines land use categories at national, regional and county level such as forest management area, agricultural area, miscellaneous use area, water management area, urban area, infrastructural works and their protection zones. It also provides zoning rules at national, regional and county level. They are the following: sensible natural areas of great relevance; arable lands that have extraordinary production capacity; sensible underground water quality protection areas of great relevance; quality protection zones of surface waters’ catchment area; protected natural areas and their protection zones; natural areas; areas that need landscape restoration; landscape protection areas; areas that can be marked out for regional landfills; areas regularly flooded by groundwater; flood plain areas; landslide danger areas; areas subject to erosion by water and by wind; military areas and disaster preventing zones. Annexes contain maps showing the location of the various areas and zones.
Amended by: Act No. LXVII of 2004 regarding public interest and implementation of the programme aimed to increase the protection against flood in the Tisza River basin, and for land planning and rural development of the surrounding area (re-development of the Vásárhelyi Plan). (2011-03-07)
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Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow.