The present Act establishes that a band, or its council, may make agreements with Canada and British Columbia for resolving and extinguishing claims to cut-off lands. It notes that "Negotiations toward such agreements do not constitute an admission by Canada of the existence of any legal obligation of Canada toward the band in question" and that "Any such agreement executed prior to this Act is declared to have effect as of the date of its execution." The text consists of 7 sections.
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A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.
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