This Act provides rules relative to prospecting, quarrying and mining of minerals. The Act also regulates the exportation of radioactive minerals and safeguards rights of Amerindians in respect of land and restricts rights of Amerindians to take minerals.The Minister may constitute part of Guyana as a mining district. All minerals shall vest in the State. The Guyana Geology and Mines Commission may grant licences or permits to enter on private lands and to search and take minerals on such land. The Act provides rules for large scale and medium and small scale mining and prospecting. Licences shall be granted by the Commission with approval of the Minister. Holders of prospecting licences shall submit a work programme to the Commission. The Act further imposes various obligations on holders of licences for prospecting, mining and quarrying. Lawful occupiers of land in a mining area shall retain rights to graze and to cultivate land and holders of title in land in a prospecting or mining area shall be entitled to compensation.
Implemented by: Guyana Geology and Mines Commission Reservation (to an offshore Seismic Survey) Order (No. 5 of 2014). (2014-02-25)
Implemented by: Mining (Special Mining) Regulations (No. 9 of 2014). (2014-07-04)
Amends: State Lands Act 1903 (Cap. 62:01). (1953)
Repeals: Mining Act. (1998)
Repeals: Mining (Amendment) Act (No. 8 of 1980). (1980-08-29)
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Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence.