The present Agreement outlines the relationships and obligations between the Iniut of the Nunavut Settlement Area and Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada. This Agreement – also referred to as Nunavut Land Claims Agreement - is a land claims agreement between the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area (part of the Northwest Territories) and the Government of Canada subject to the Constitution Act of 1982. The lands are not deemed to be "Lands Reserved for Indians" with respect to the Constitution Act of 1867. The Inuit are represented by the Tunngavik Federation of Nunavut to establish the Agreement. The Agreement specifies two areas that are subject of the agreement: Area A consists of Arctic Islands and mainland Eastern Arctic, and their adjacent marine areas; Area B includes the Belcher Islands, its associated islands and adjacent marine areas. A complete inventory of land, islands and marine territory subject to the Nunavut Land Claim Agreement is listed in the Agreement itself. Under the terms of the agreement, jurisdiction over some territorial matters is transferred to the new government, among them wildlife management, land use planning and development, property taxation, and natural resource management.Each community opting to come under the FNLMA is required to adopt a land code in accordance with the Framework Agreement which is to replace the land management provisions of the Indian Act. Validly adopted land codes have the effect of law. The Framework Agreement anticipates the adoption of First Nation laws to address the specific issue of matrimonial real property as part of a comprehensive land code. The text consists of 48 sections and 1 Schedule.
Implemented by: Nunavik Land Claims Agreement Act (S.C.1993, c. 29 ). (2004-05-21)
Implemented by: Nunavut Planning and Project Assessment Act (S.C. 2013, c. 14, s. 2). (2015-07-09)
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A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.