The present Agreement constitutes a final settlement of the aboriginal rights of the Labrador Inuit in Canada and exhaustively sets out the rights of the Labrador Inuit that recognized and confirmed by section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. In exchange for the rights and benefits specified in the Agreement, Inuit will cede and release to Canada and Newfoundland and Labrador all of their aboriginal rights outside of Labrador Inuit Lands and Aboriginal rights related to subsurface resources in Labrador Inuit Lands. The Labrador Inuit will retain all other aboriginal rights in Labrador Inuit Lands. Continuing Aboriginal rights are modified as set out in the Agreement and must be exercised in ways that are consistent with the Agreement.
Implemented by: Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement Act (S.C. 2005, c. 27). (2015-12-01)
Implemented by: Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement Act (S.C. 2005, c. 27). (2012)
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A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.
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