The purpose of this Act is to ensure the acquisition of immovable properties absolutely necessary for the realization of objectives of public interest determined by the law and, in the same time, to safeguard the balance between public interest and the interests of protection of property rights of owner. Expropriation can be made, exceptionally, by the State or local governments, or a third person if he performs activities determined by Art. 2, and only against immediate, complete and absolute compensation. Administrative and legal proceedings are foreseen in detail by Articles 24-40.
Implemented by: Decree No. 178 of 2008 (VII. 3.) Korm. of the Government concerning the drafting, review and validation of an expropriation plan, and regarding certain issues of compensation for expropriation. (2015-03-30)
Implemented by: Decree No. 373 of 2014 (XII. 31.) Korm. of the Government concerning the duties and territorial competence of land offices and of the Land Survey and Remote Sensing Institute, and providing detailed rules for certain land related procedures. (2015-03-30)
Amends: Act LXXVIII of 1997 on the Development and Protection of the Built Environment. (2015-03-17)
Amends: Mining Act (Act No. XLVIII of 1993). (2013-06-30)
Amends: Act No. LXVII of 2004 regarding public interest and implementation of the programme aimed to increase the protection against flood in the Tisza River basin, and for land planning and rural development of the surrounding area (re-development of the Vásárhelyi Plan). (2011-03-07)
Amends: Act No. LXXXVII of 2010 on the National Land Fund. (2013-05-02)
Amends: Law No. LIV of 1996 on forests and their protection. (1997-12-09)
Amends: Law No. LIII of 1996 on Nature Conservation. (2010-06-20)
Amends: Act No. LXXXVI of 2007 on electricity and Governmental Decree No. 273 of 2007 (X.19.) implementing certain provisions of the Act. (2013-03-13)
Repeals: Decree-Law No. 24 of 1976 on expropriation and implementing Decree No. 33 of 1976 of the Council of Ministers. (2001-12-24)
Authors and Publishers
Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow.
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