This Agreement originally only covered claims made by Quebec Cree Indians and Inuit. Later this Agreement was slightly modified in 1978 by the Northeastern Quebec Agreement, through which Quebec's Naskapi First Nations joined the treaty. The Agreement covered economic development and property issues in Northern Quebec, and establishes a number of cultural, social and governmental institutions for Aboriginals who are members of the communities involved in the treaties.The traditional lands of the signatories are divided into three categories: Category I: Lands reserved exclusively for the use of native Quebecers. Category II: Lands owned by the Crown-in-right-of-Quebec, but in which hunting, fishing and trapping rights are reserved for natives and over which forestry, mining and tourism development authority is shared. Category III: Lands in which some specific hunting and harvesting rights are reserved for natives, but all other rights are shared subject to a joint regulatory scheme. Moreover, the Agreement covers issues such as environmental and social protection, local government and health and social services.
Implemented by: Agreement respecting the Implementation of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement between Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada and Makivik Corporation. (1990-09-12)
Implemented by: Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act (S.C. 1984, c. 18). (2014-05-15)
Implemented by: James Bay and Northern Quebec Native Claims Settlement Act (S.C. 1976-77, c. 32). (1997-07-14)
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