The present Act is made under the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement. In particular, the Act deals with Category IA and Category IA-N native lands and their local administration. Category IA lands are those that were transferred from the Province of Quebec to the Government of Canada for the exclusive use and profit of the Cree bands in the James Bay region. Category IA-N lands are those transferred to the Government of Canada from the Province of Quebec for the exclusive use and profit of the Naskapi.The local Cree and Naskapi administrative structure and powers are laid out in Part 1 of the Act. By grouping the bands into distinct local administrative authorities with a legal personality, the Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act grants the bands a more clearly defined legal status. Furthermore, the administrative authorities enjoy the same legal capacity, rights, powers, and privileges as individuals (to sign contracts, own possessions, institute legal proceedings, and so on). This same part of the Act also deals with band membership and specific administrative roles. The bands are also responsible for promoting and preserving the culture, values, and traditions of their members.The other parts of the Act deal with band elections (Part II), meetings and referenda (Part III), financial administration (Part IV), residence and access rights (Part V), rights of bands, Quebec and others in relation to category IA and IA-N land (Part VI), expropriations (parts VII and XI), dispositions of rights and interests (Part VIII), cessions (Part IX), land registry (Part X), the Cree-Naskapi Commission (Part XII), successions (Part XIII), tax exemptions (Part XIV), seizure exemptions (Part XV), policing (Part XVI), offences (Part XVII), and the administration of justice (Part XVIII).
Implemented by: Cree-Naskapi Land Registry Regulations (SOR/86-1070). (1986-11-06)
Implements: James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement. (1975-11-11)
Authors and Publishers
A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.
The FAO Legal Office provides in-house counsel in accordance with the Basic Texts of the Organization, gives legal advisory services to FAO members, assists in the formulation of