This comprehensive Agreement is a Treaty and a Land Claims Agreement within the meaning of sections 25 and 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. It exhaustively sets out the rights of Tsawwassen First Nation, their attributes, the geographic extent of those rights, and the limitations to those rights to which the Parties have agreed, i.e.: a) the aboriginal rights, including aboriginal title, modified as a result of this Agreement, in Canada, of Tsawwassen First Nation in and to Tsawwassen Lands and other lands and resources in Canada; b) the jurisdictions, authorities and rights of Tsawwassen Government.The Treaty addresses direct control and ownership of land, including fishing and hunting rights; self governance comprising laws relating to governance, natural resources, land management, and social programming; the right to harvest wildlife, migratory birds, and plants for food, control of national and provincial parks; ownership of all subsurface resources such as gravel, sand, minerals and petroleum; the right to catch fish, crab, and harvest water plants for food, including an allocation of Fraser River salmon.The text consists of 25 Chapters as follows: Definitions (1); General Provisions (2); Transitions (3); Lands (4); Land Title (5); Land Management (6); Access (7); Forest Resources (8); Fisheries (9); Wildlife (10); Migratory Birds (11); National Parks and National Marine Conservation Areas (12); Provincial Parks and Gathering (13); Cultural Heritage (14); Environmental Management (15); Governance (16); Intergovernmental Relations and Services (17); Capital Transfer and Negotiation Loan Repayment (18); Fiscal Relations (19); Taxation (20); Eligibility and Enrolment (21); Dispute Resolution (22); Amendment (23); Ratification of the Final Agreement (24); Implementation (25). Eighteen Annexes are enclosed.
Implemented by: Tsawwassen First Nation Final Agreement Act (S.C. 2008, c. 32). (2009-04-03)
Implements: Indian Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5). (2015-04-02)
Implements: Constitution Act, 1982. (1982-04-17)
Authors and Publishers
A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.
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