The present Agreement among the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada and the Government of the Yukon establishes the framework of a modern First Nation Government. In particular, the Agreement provides for the power to enact laws of a local or private nature on settlement land and for many aspects of the citizens' lives (marriage, adoption, education, administration of estates, etc.). For the purpose of the present Agreement "Non-Settlement Land" means all land and water in the Yukon other than Settlement Land; "Settlement Land" means those lands identified in the Final Agreement as “Settlement Land for the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation”.Section 9.2 establishes that the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation is a legal entity and has the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, may, inter alia, enter into contracts or agreements; acquire and hold property, sell or otherwise dispose of property; raise, invest, expend and borrow money; sue or be sued; form corporations or other legal entities; and do such other things as may be conducive to the exercise of its rights, powers and privileges.Under section 13 Legislative Powers, sub-section 13.3 rules that the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation shall have the power to enact laws of a local or private nature on Settlement Land in relation to, inter alia,: 1) use, management, administration, control and protection of Settlement Land; 2) allocation or disposition of rights and interests in and to Settlement Land, including expropriation by the First Nation; 3) use, management, administration and protection of natural resources under the ownership, control or jurisdiction of the First Nation; 4) gathering, hunting, trapping or fishing and the protection of fish, wildlife and habitat; 5) planning, zoning and land development.Section 25 on Compatible Land Use establishes that First Nation and the Yukon or a municipality within the Traditional Territory, may establish a joint planning structure to: 1) develop or recommend amendments to a territorial, municipal or First Nation community or area development land use plan; or, 2) carry out other activities to promote compatible land use. The text consists of 29 sections divided into 4 Parts as follows: General (I); Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation (II); Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation Legislation (III); Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation Programs and Services (IV). One Annexe is enclosed.
Implements: Umbrella Final Agreement between the Government of Canada, the Council for Yukon Indians and the Government of the Yukon. (1993)
Implements: Indian Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5). (2015-04-02)
Authors and Publishers
A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.
The FAO Legal Office provides in-house counsel in accordance with the Basic Texts of the Organization, gives legal advisory services to FAO members, assists in the formulation of