The present Agreement between the Sioux Valley Dakota Nation and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada establishes – after 21 years of negotiations - the self-governance and self-determination of the Sioux Valley Dakota Nation. The Agreement establishes a government-to-government relationship between Sioux Valley Dakota Nation and Canada. Once put into effect, this self-government Agreement will provide Sioux Valley Dakota Nation with greater control over the decisions that affect its community members. Sioux Valley Dakota Nation will have law-making powers in more than 50 subject areas, including: the structure, management and operations of Sioux Valley Dakota Oyate Government; membership; cultural matters; elections; financial administration; the management of reserve lands, including natural resources and environmental assessment; housing; education, health and social development; registration, licensing and regulation of businesses; and public safety and order and the enforcement of Sioux Valley Dakota Nation laws.Furthermore, the present Governance Agreement sets out a process for Sioux Valley Dakota Nation to take control over and pass laws relating to natural resource development and the environmental assessment of related projects on its reserve land base. Sioux Valley Dakota Nation will also be able to register, license and regulate businesses on its reserve lands. These changes lay the groundwork for expanded economic development and business partnerships with the private sector on Sioux Valley Dakota Nation reserve lands.The text consists of 17 Parts as follows: Definitions and interpretations (1); Government to government relationship (2); Capacity of Sioux Valley Dakota Oyate Government (3); The Sioux Valley Dakota Nation Constitution (4); Sioux Valley Dakota Nation Jurisdiction (5); Relationship of laws (6); Delegation of government functions (7); Sioux Valley Dakota Nation Lands (8); Justice matters (9); Fiscal relationship and financial arrangements (10); Taxation matters (11); Intergovernmental relations and implementation (12); Dispute resolution (13); Amendment of this Agreement (14); Miscellaneous provisions (15); Legal measures (16); Coming into effect (17).The Tripartite Governance Agreement among Sioux Valley Dakota Nation as represented by the Elected Council of its Government and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Manitoba as represented by the Minister of Aboriginal and Northern Affairs is enclosed.
Implemented by: Sioux Valley Dakota Nation Governance Act (S.C. 2014, c. 1). (2014-07-01)
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A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.
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