Law No. 352 “On organization and performance of tourism”. | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
November 2006
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This Law regulates the legal relations arising in the process of development and implementation of state policy in the field of tourism, the organization and coordination of tourism activities, entrepreneurial activities in the field of tourism, types of tourism, the creation and functioning of national tourist zones, establishes requirements for the quality of tourist services, ensuring the safety of tourists, and also defines the principles of international cooperation in the field of tourism. Tourist destination shall be intended the geographical area or place where the visitor is going with a tourist purpose. Tourist area shall be intended a rural or urban settlement that represents a special tourist interest due to the presence in it or in its vicinity of a number of tourist sites, as well as tourist amenities; tourist object is an element of natural or anthropogenic resources that can attract visitors to a certain place. Tourist resources are intended a combination of natural and anthropogenic elements, which by their qualities and characteristics are recognized and used in tourism to the extent that they do not enjoy the full protection regime. Tourist resources can be natural (elements of geomorphology, climate, flora and fauna, landscapes, deposits of minerals, etc.) and anthropogenic (archaeological monuments and complexes, architectural monuments, complexes and reserves, memorial monuments and complexes, monuments of technology and art, museums, elements of folklore and folk art, etc.). Medical and health tourism is a kind of tourism practiced by people going to balneological resorts to restore health or prevent diseases; cultural tourism is a kind of tourism that uses cultural tourism facilities, including objects of historical and cultural heritage, of a certain locality, zone or country; ecological tourism is a kind of tourism aimed at the knowledge of nature and its preservation; rural tourism is a kind of tourism, carried out in rural areas, aimed at using local tourist resources (natural, cultural, etc.) and acquaintance with the rural environment, its specifics, local customs and traditions, peasant and farm economies, etc.; grape-wine tourism is a kind of tourism, carried out for visiting economic entities engaged in viticulture and winemaking, and wine growing regions in order to combine tasting of wine and wine products and familiarize themselves with the rural environment, the local way of life and cultural activities. The government implements state policy in the sphere of tourism as follows: (a) defines the state policy in the field of tourism, approves the strategy and national programs in this field; (b) ensure the sustainable development of tourism; (c) ensures the rational use of tourism resources and the implementation of measures for the preservation and protection of the environment in accordance with environmental legislation; and (d) carries out international cooperation in the field of tourism through the conclusion and implementation of international treaties. Tourist objects and tourism heritage shall subject to mandatory state registration. In order to develop domestic and incoming tourism by attracting domestic and foreign investments, national tourist zones shall be set up for a period of 50 years. The main criteria for creating a tourist zone shall be as follows: (a) geographic; (b) natural and landscape attractiveness; (c) the structure, volume, concentration and value of tourism resources; and (d) the functionality of the zone in terms of tourism. Public land plots located within the boundaries of a tourist zone may be granted to residents for temporary use only on the basis of a lease agreement for up to 50 years at the price established by the law on the establishment of the corresponding tourist zone.

Amended by: Law No. 109 amending Law No. 352 “On organization and performance of tourism”. (2018-06-14)

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Gnetii, Vsevolod (LEGN)


The politics of Moldova take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, wherein the prime minister is the head of the government, and a multi-party system. The government exercises executive power while the legislative power is vested in the Parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The position of the breakaway region of Transnistria (a self-proclaimed autonomous region, on the left side of the river Nistru), relations with Romania and with Russia, and integration into the EU dominate political discussions.


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