The National Environment Strategy and Action Plan (NESAP) 2016-2023 is developed in accordance with the the Constitution and 1996 Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resource Management. It is aligned to Rectangular Strategy Phase III (RSIII), that reaffirms the RGC’s mission and commitment to sustainable development and poverty reduction responding to the people’s will and changing contexts of national and international developments. As such, the National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018 (NSDP 2014-2018) highlights the necessity of strengthening the enforcement of laws and regulations, and financial and institutional mechanisms for placing environmental and natural resources sustainability issues as a centrality in the national development framework. Promotion of agriculture sector is one of the four pillars of RSIII as it continues to play an important role in supporting economic growth, ensuring equity, reducing poverty, securing food security, and promoting development of the rural economy. The sustainable management and conservation of natural resources and environment are vital to create enabling conditions for the present and future economic growth, food, energy and water security, and poverty reduction in the country.NESAP 2016-2023 has three objectives: 1. It is a strategy for National Council for Sustainable Development (NCSD), all ministries and institutions at all levels to integrate environmental consideration into policies, programmes and investments. It improves the integration of the environmental and natural resources sustainability into policies, strategies, action plans, programmes and projects to promote effectiveness and efficiency of the cross-sector collaboration. NESAP 2016-2023 is developed in an inclusive manner instead of the sector stand-alone strategy and action plan. 2. It supports the existing Cambodian sustainable development, green growth, climate change, environment and biodiversity related strategies and action plans being coordinated and led by NCSD, NCDD, and implemented by related ministries and institutions, development partners, private sector, CSOs, NGOs, education and research institutions, and local communities. 3. It initiates development of a set of programmes and projects based on close collaboration and coordination with all concerned stakeholders. In the future, changing resources use patterns, improving resource use efficiency and productivity, and modernization of environment and natural resources governance and management are high priorities.The NESAP 2016-2023 strategic goal is to leverage in-depth reform and modernization of the management and conservation of environment and natural resources through well-planned and executed actions for improving resources use efficiency and productivity, sustainable financing mechanism, and reducing waste and pollution and improving human health and well-being. In order to achieve the vision, mission, and goals of NESAP 2016-2023, considering the critical gaps, priorities and key principles of sustainable development, it has identified four major strategic objectives as follows: Strategic Objective 1: To strengthen cross-sectoral collaboration and relevant legal instruments and guidelines to improve coordination, regulation, and delivery functions for sustainable development outcomes. Strategic Objective 2: To improve resources use efficiency for healthy environment and social well-being, while increasing business competitiveness and promoting technological innovation. Strategic Objective 3: To develop and implement financing mechanisms, benefit sharing schemes and fund mobilization plans for investing in the modernization of the management and conservation of environment and natural resources. Strategic Objective 4: To raise public awareness, build individual and institutional capacities, promote technology transfer and strengthen the application of monitoring science and technology to improve the management and conservation of environment and natural resources.
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