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Showing items 1 through 9 of 150.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Brazil, Central America, South America

    We examined whole-soil samples and particle-size fractions to study the distribution of different phosphorus (P) fractions after land-use change from native savanna to crops, pasture, and reforestation on clayey and loamy Oxisols of the Brazilian savannas. Phosphorus was extracted sequentially, according to a modified Hedley procedure, into inorganic and organic P (NaOH-extractable Pi and Po, respectively), and recalcitrant P (P HCl and P res). Under natural conditions of strong P deficiency, over 60% of NaOH-extractable P was organic, reflecting the high contribution of P.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Brazil

    This study assessed the influence of land use (continuous cropping, CC; tree plantations, F; pasture, PG; and native savanna, NS) on P concentrations and partitioning in bulk soil and two aggregate size fractions of two Oxisols, one loamy and one clayey. The quantity and quality of physically protected P within aggregates were also determined. Total P in bulk soil and macroaggregates (0.25-2 mm and 2-8 mm) was partitioned into inorganic and organic P fractions (P, and P., respectively) after sequential extraction, using NaHCO, (Olsen), NaOH, HCl, and H2SO4 (residual).

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Brazil, Central America, South America

    In the Brazilian savannas, or Cerrados the rapid advance in agriculture and cattle ranching is affecting soils through, for example, accelerated erosion and depletion of soil organic matter (SOM). Changes in soil microbial biomass are good indicators of changes in SOM. We therefore assessed the effects of agricultural and pastoral use of a clayey Oxisol in the Cerrados on soil microbial biomass, and evaluated the usefulness of this parameter in studying SOM dynamics in savanna ecosystems.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Brazil, Central America, South America

    The effect of land use on the availability of soil nitrogen (N) was studied by separating total soil N into one labile and one stable fraction by oxidation and extraction of labile N with potassium permanganate. The nitrogen management index (NMI) was calculated according to Blair et al. (1995) for the carbon management index. In all systems, labile N released by potassium permanganate was a better indicator for nitrogen availability than were total and stable N. The NMI was a good indicator for N availability but gave no information on the total amount of N.

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