Impact of large scale investments on the livelihoods of smallholder farming communities : the cases of green fuels and Tongaat Hullett Zimbabwe | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
December 2017
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 

The impacts of large-scale agricultural investments on rural communities’ land ownership, food security, productivity, income, and access to education and health differ within and between communities depending on business and government influence. Recent examples of large-scale investment models are dependent on the legal landscape in the investor’s country of origin, the investor-community linkages, and the nature of partnership with governments. Positive impact can be minimal, resulting in conflict where implementation fails to influence standards of living and livelihoods, or fails to take into account local institutions, norms and values. Tongaat Hulett is an agriculture and agri-processing business, focusing on sugarcane and maize.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Clemence, Bwenje
Grace, Nicholas-Nkomo
Tafadzwa, Dhlakama


The Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA) is a public interest law group which seeks to promote democracy, environmental justice, the sustainable and equitable use of Zimbabwe’s’ natural resources, and good governance in the environmental sector. The group’s mission is to use the law to protect the rights of local communities and conserve the environment and Zimbabwe’s natural resources. ZELA works to accomplish their mission through legal and policy research, advocacy, impact litigation, conflict resolution, and civic education.

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