Convention on Biological Diversity | Land Portal
Acronym: 
CBD
Focal point: 
Ms. Cristiana Paşca Palmer
Phone number: 
+1 514 288 2220

Location

Saint Jacques Street
Montreal
Canada
CA
Postal address: 
413, Saint Jacques Street, suite 800 Montreal QC H2Y 1N9 Canada Tel: Web: +1 514 288 2220 +1 514 288 6588 www.cbd.int
Working languages: 
English

The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity was established (Article 24) to support the goals of the Convention. Its principal functions are to prepare for, and service, meetings of the Conferences of the Parties (COP) and other subsidiary bodies of the Convention, and to coordinate with relevant international bodies.

As a neutral organization staffed by international civil servants, the Secretariat is accountable to the COP and its subsidiary bodies and carries out those tasks that fall under its associated mandate.

The Secretariat is institutionally linked to UN Environment, its host institution and, pursuant to decision II/19, is located in Montreal, Canada since 1996. It currently employs some 110 staff, including short-term staff and consultants. Civil servants of the Secretariat come from around the world. Its head, the Executive Secretary, is appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in consultation with the COP through its Bureau.

The Secretariat assists and provides administrative support to the COP, the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice and other Convention bodies. It represents the day-to-day focal point for the Convention, organizes all meetings under the Convention, prepares background documentation for those meeting and facilitates the flow of authoritative information on the implementation of the Convention. The Secretariat plays a significant role in coordinating the work carried out under the Convention with that of other relevant institutions and conventions, and represents the Convention at meetings of relevant bodies.

The Parties to the Convention have established trust funds to meet the costs of administering the Convention, including the costs of the Secretariat. All Parties contribute to the budget of the Convention. The Financial Rules for the Administration of the Trust Fund of the Convention on Biological Diversity were adopted by the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties through its decision I/6. Contributions made by Parties to the Convention to the Trust Fund are based on the UN scale of assessments.

The Secretariat plays a significant role in supporting the implementation of the Convention. This can be fulfilled, for example by compilation of national reports on compliance by domestic authorities. The Secretariat transmits such reports and information to the COP and sometimes elaborates a synthesis of the national reports and information on implementation. The Secretariat also acts as information clearing house. In light of this, the Secretariat is strengthening its information dissemination activities on public awareness, information and training, in order to facilitate implementation of Article 13 of the Convention on Public Education and Awareness.

In spite of the considerable advancements achieved by the Convention since its entry into force, the extent of the biodiversity challenge facing the international community requires urgent additional efforts as well as enhanced international cooperation and inter-agency collaboration on the scale necessary to translate the three objectives of the Convention into reality and achieve the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, its Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and the Sustainable Development Goals.

To achieve such a strategic objective, a new era of enhanced implementation is required. The Secretariat is fully committed, through the highest standards of professionalism and objectivity, in performing an enhanced role in facilitating and supporting implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity by Parties and stakeholders.

Convention on Biological Diversity Resources

Displaying 1 - 10 of 10
Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2019
Global

Land degradation and biodiversity loss are among the most pressing environmental challenges facing humanity. Land degradation has reduced the productivity of nearly one-quarter of the global land surface, impacted the wellbeing of about 3.2 billion people and cost about 10% of annual global gross domestic product in lost ecosystem services. An estimated 23% of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions derive from agriculture, forestry and other land uses, contributing to climate change.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2017
Global

Land is an essential building block of civilization yet its contribution to our quality of life is perceived and valued in starkly different and often incompatible ways. Conflicts about land use are intensifying in many countries. The world has reached a point where we must reconcile these differences and rethink the way in which we use and manage the land.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
November, 2017
Global, India

This publication is based on a range of past studies on ICCAs conducted in several regions of the world in the last two decades, and, most recently, on 19 country level case studies. The latter were commissioned as part of a project on ICCA Recognition and Support, undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, coordinated by Kalpavriksh.

It also incorporates some key findings of a parallel project on ICCA Legislation, also undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, and coordinated by Natural Justice.

The publication intends to:

Library Resource
The Rio Conventions: Action on Gender cover image
Reports & Research
January, 2012
Global

The year 2012 marks the twentieth anniversary of the Rio Earth Summit, which resulted in the establishment of the three Rio Conventions: the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD ) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC ).

Library Resource
The Rio Conventions: Action on Forests cover image
Reports & Research
January, 2012
Global

The importance of forests in climate change, biodiversity and desertification/land degradation

Forests cover approximately 30 per cent of the Earth’s land surface and provide important ecosystem goods and services, including food, fodder, water, shelter, nutrient cycling, air purification, and cultural and recreational amenities. Forests also store carbon, provide habitat for a wide range of species and help alleviate land degradation and desertification.

Library Resource
The Rio Conventions: Action on Adaptation cover image
Reports & Research
January, 2012
Global

The earth’s climate is changing at a rate unprecedented in recent human history and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. The impacts and risks associated with this are global, geographically diverse and increasingly being felt across a range of systems and sectors essential for human livelihoods and well-being. The more severe and far-reaching the impacts of climate change are, the greater the loss of species will be, and the greater the deterioration of drylands and the risk of desertification and land degradation around the world will be.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2011
Global

In terms of innovative mechanisms, economic and financial mechanisms that rely on regulationand markets to provide incentives for environmental stewardship are also relevant. These mechanisms include different types of regulations and direct or indirect payments schemes, for example tradable development rights, trading of emission reduction and payment for environmental services.
Investment based mechanisms, like microfinance, are other types of mechanism that can provide financing for UNCCD and SLM practises.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2011
Global

In terms of innovative mechanisms, economic and financial mechanisms that rely on regulationand markets to provide incentives for environmental stewardship are also relevant. These mechanisms include different types of regulations and direct or indirect payments schemes, for example tradable development rights, trading of emission reduction and payment for environmental services.
Investment based mechanisms, like microfinance, are other types of mechanism that can provide financing for UNCCD and SLM practises.

Library Resource
January, 2006

This report highlights the major biological factors that contribute to ecosystem resilience under the projected impacts of global climate change. It assesses the potential consequences for biodiversity of particular adaptation activities under the thematic areas of the Convention on Biological Diversity, provides methodological considerations when implementing these activities, and highlights research and knowledge gaps.

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