Government of Mauritius | Page 14 | Land Portal

Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has one of Africa's highest per capita incomes.


Mauritius is a parliamentary republic.


Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Mauritius Resources

Displaying 66 - 67 of 67
Library Resource
Legislation
Mauritius, Africa, Eastern Africa

This Act regulates the removal of sand on State lands. “Sand” includes stones, coral, earth and turf. The Minister may designate sand quarries and sand landing places. No sand removed from the sea or from a river shall be landed except at a sand landing place. No person shall carry on the business of dealer in sand unless he or she is the holder of a licence granted under section 5. The Minister may grant a lease of a sand quarry to a licensed dealer for such term and upon such conditions as he or she thinks fit (sect. 6).

Library Resource

An Act to establish a Beach Authority and to provide for a legal framework for the management and control of public beaches in Mauritius and Rodrigues.

Legislation
Mauritius, Africa, Eastern Africa

The Beach Authority, established under section 5 as a body corporate for purposes of this Act, shall be to ensure proper control and management of public beaches in Mauritius and Rodrigues, i.e. a space along the coast which, by notice published in the Gazette, has been declared to be a public beach by the Minister responsible for the subject of housing and lands. This space includes an area between the low water mark and the high water mark, and also the surrounding waters up to a distance of 100 meters.

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