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The United Kingdom has historically played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith in the 19th century, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two world wars and the Irish Republic's withdrawal from the union. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council and a founding member of NATO and the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy. The Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly were established in 1999. The latter was suspended until May 2007 due to wrangling over the peace process, but devolution was fully completed in March 2010.

The UK was an active member of the EU from 1973 to 2016, although it chose to remain outside the Economic and Monetary Union. However, frustrated by a remote bureaucracy in Brussels and massive migration into the country, UK citizens on 23 June 2016 narrowly voted to leave the EU. The so-called “Brexit” will take years to carry out but could be the signal for referenda in other EU countries where skepticism of EU membership benefits is strong.

Government of the United Kingdom Resources

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Library Resource
Report of a Home Office fact-finding mission to Sri Lanka

Conducted between 28 September and 5 October 2019. Published: 20 January 2020.

Reports & Research
January, 2020
Sri Lanka, United Kingdom

ABSTRACTED FROM PURPOSE OF THIS MISSION: The purpose of the mission was to gather accurate and up-to-date information from a range of sources about a number of issues concerning the treatment of Tamils including the government’s attitude to diaspora activities and the treatment of members of diaspora groups, in particular members of the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE). The mission was also interested in gathering information about the treatment of members and former members of the Liberation Tamil Tigers of Eelam (LTTE).

Library Resource
Regulations
December, 2017
United Kingdom

These Regulations amend the Town and Country Planning (Permission in Principle) Order 2017 to allow local planning authorities to grant permission in principle for development the main purpose of which is housing development on an application to the authority in accordance with provisions inserted into that Order by this instrument. They also concern (exemption from) environmental impact assessment procedures. The Regulations also make minor amendments to the Statutory Instruments listed in Schedule 2.

Library Resource
Regulations
November, 2017
United Kingdom

These Regulations make provision in relation to bringing into force sections 83 (core path plans) and 84 (access rights: service of court applications) of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016. They also make transitory provision so that the references to “a repairing tenancy” inserted into various enactments by the provisions of schedule 1 are to be ignored until such time as section 92 of the 2016 Act comes into force for all purposes.

Library Resource
Regulations
November, 2017
United Kingdom

These Regulations amend the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 by inserting a new paragraph (3A) into section 19 of the Act to require the Scottish Ministers to send a copy of the statement of accounts provided by the Commission to the Auditor General for Scotland for auditing. Part 2 of the Act establishes the Scottish Land Commission (“the Commission”). Section 19 of the Act makes provision regarding the accounts of the Commission.

Amends: Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 (2016 asp 18). (2016-04-22)

Library Resource
Regulations
October, 2017
United Kingdom

These Regulations make provision for the selection, designation, registration and notification of sites to be protected under the Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora. These Regulations also implement aspects of the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009. They make provision in respect of European sites for: (a) control of damaging operations caused by human activity; (b) special nature conservation orders and restoration orders; (c) byelaws of the appropriate nature conservation body; and (d) compulsory acquisition.

Library Resource
Regulations
October, 2017
United Kingdom

These Regulation amend for Wales, Part 2 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 so as to insert a new section (33ZA) on fixed penalty notices for contravention of section 33(1)(a) of the Act. The new section enable an authorised officer of a Welsh waste collection authority to issue a fixed penalty notice for contravention of that section in the area of the authority. Section 33(1)(a), subject to certain exemptions, prohibits the deposit of controlled waste or extractive waste in or on any land other than in accordance with an environmental permit.

Library Resource
Legislation
September, 2017
United Kingdom

This Act provides for the establishment of a Welsh Landfill Disposals Tax (LDT), which will replace the Landfill Tax. The tax shall be charged on disposals to landfill in Wales.

Library Resource
Regulations
May, 2017
United Kingdom

This Order amends the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (Scotland) Order 1992 to: update the definition of “European site”; insert new articles 7ZA to 7ZE imposing obligations on planning authorities with regard to applications by electronic communications code operators for a determination as to whether prior approval is required with regard to the siting and appearance of new ground based masts. An European site now includes also a site in the meaning of Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conservation of wild birds.

Library Resource
Regulations
May, 2017
United Kingdom

These Regulations make minor changes and corrections to the Electricity Works (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Scotland) Regulations 2017, the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Scotland) Regulations 2017, the Forestry (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Scotland) Regulations 2017, the Agriculture, Land Drainage and Irrigation Projects (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Scotland) Regulations 2017 and the Marine Works (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Scotland) Regulations 2017.

Library Resource
Regulations
May, 2017
United Kingdom

These Regulations implement Directive 2011/92/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private project They are concerned with general rules and administrative matters regarding the assessment of the effects of certain public and private developments.

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