FAO - Land Use | Land Portal | Securing Land Rights Through Open Data

This dataset contains more than 60 indicators concerning various aspects of land use (such as Country area, Agricultural land, Arable land, Forest land, Agricultural area certified organic, etc...) as provided by the Statistics Division of FAO. Additional information are available on FAOSTAT, under the Land Use domain.

Land Use

Indicator Min-Max
Number of years
/ Obs Min / Max
Country area
Land area

Area of the country (1'000 Ha) including area under inland water bodies, but excluding offshore territorial waters.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Agriculture

Agricultural Area (1'000 Ha) is the land area mainly devoted to agriculture. It includes arable land, permanent crops, and permanent pasture, as defined by FAO.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

The total of areas under “Land under temporary crops”, “Land under temporary meadows and pastures”, “Land with temporary fallow”, “Land under permanent crops”, “Land under permanent meadows and pas

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Land used for cultivation of crops. The total of areas under ''Arable land'' and ''Permanent crops''.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops through cultivation or naturally (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee), land under trees and shrubs producing flowers (such as roses and jasmine), and n

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Land used for agriculture occupied by dwellings, operating buildings (hangars, barns, cellars, greenhouses, silos), buildings for animal production (stables, cowsheds, pig sheds, sheep pens, poultr

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Temporary meadows and pastures is the land (1'000 Ha) temporarily cultivated with herbaceous forage crops for mowing or pasture.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Land used for crops with a less-than-one-year growing cycle, which must be newly sown or planted for further production after the harvest.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons. The maximum idle period is usually less than five years. This land may be in the form sown for the exclusive production of green manure.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures is the land (1'000 Ha) used permanently (for a period of five years or more) for herbaceous forage crops that are managed and cultivated.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - Naturally growing (1'000 Ha) is the land used permanently (for a period of five years or more) for herbaceous forage crops that is naturally growing.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Share (%) of Agricultural Land with respect to the Total Land Area.

Measurement unit: 
Percentage (%)

Share (%) of Arable Land with respect to the Total Land Area.

Measurement unit: 
Percentage (%)

Forestry

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 metres and a canopy cover of more than 10 per cent, or trees able to reach these thresholds in situ.

Measurement unit: 
Million tonnes

Land used for forestry. Excludes land that is predominantly under agricultural or urban use.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Naturally regenerated forest (1'000 Ha) where there are clearly visible indications of human activities.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Forest (1'000 Ha) predominantly composed of trees established through planting and/or deliberate seeding.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Naturally regenerated forest of native species (1'000 Ha), where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Share (%) of Forest Land with respect to the Total Land Area.

Measurement unit: 
Percentage (%)

Other land

Indicator Min-Max
Number of years
/ Obs Min / Max
Other land

Other land (1'000 Ha) is the land not classified as Agricultural land and Forest area. It includes built-up and related land, barren land, other wooded land, etc.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Water

Indicator Min-Max
Number of years
/ Obs Min / Max
Coastal waters
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
Inland waters

Waters located in between the land territory and the outer limit of the territorial sea.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Waters beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, not extending beyond 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured, determined in accordance wit

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Inland waters are areas corresponding to natural or artificial water courses, serving to drain natural or artificial bodies of water, including lakes, reservoirs, rivers, brooks, streams, ponds, in

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Irrigation

The total agricultural area (1'000 Ha) that is actually irrigated in a given year.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Agricultural land under cropland that is actually irrigated.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Forestry land area that is actually irrigated.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Land area equipped for irrigation that is actually irrigated in the reference year. It covers both fully controlled and partially controlled irrigation.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Land area equipped with irrigation infrastructure and equipment to provide water to crops, which are in working order. The equipment does not have to be used during the reference year.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Agricultural land area under permanent meadows and pastures that is actually irrigated.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Agricultural practices

Land area (1'000 Ha) exclusively dedicated to organic agriculture and managed by applying organic agriculture methods. It refers to the land area fully converted to organic agriculture.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

'Agriculture'' area certified organic and/or in conversion to organic.

Previously known as "Agricultural area organic, total"

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Cropland area certified organic.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Cropland area on which tillage practices leave plant residues (at least 30-35 percent) on the soil surface for erosion control and moisture conservation.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Cropland area on which tillage practices involve inversion (turning over) of the soil over the whole area with tillage operations including inversion tillage/ploughing using tillage tools or equipm

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Cropland area certified organic and/or in conversion to organic.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Cropland area on which practices do not involve any tillage operations. After the seeding operation, not more than 25 percent of the soil surface is allowed to be disturbed.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Surfaces occupied by dwellings on farms, etc.: dwellings, operating buildings (hangars, barns, cellars, silos), buildings for animal production (stables, cowsheds, pig sheds, sheep pens, poultry ya

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Sum of areas (1'000 Ha) under “Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic” and "Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic”.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Part of the area (1'000 Ha) of the "Permanent meadows and pastures" exclusively dedicated to organic agriculture and managed by applying organic agriculture methods.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Aquaculture and Fisheries

Area of Coastal waters used for marine aquaculture facilities including supporting facilities.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Area of Coastal waters that is used for catching aquatic animals or gathering aquatic plants in the wild.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Area of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) that used for marine aquaculture facilities including supporting facilities.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Area of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) that is used for catching aquatic animals or gathering aquatic plants in the wild.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Inland water areas that are used for aquaculture facilities including supporting facilities.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Area of inland waters that is used for catching aquatic animals or gathering aquatic plants in the wild.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Land used for aquaculture facilities and fish-farming activities.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Previous indicators

Agricultural area (1'000 Ha) which is going through the organic conversion process, usually two years period of conversion to organic land.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Area (1'000 Ha) part of "Arable land", exclusively dedicated to organic agriculture and managed by applying organic agriculture methods.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Part of the area (1'000 Ha) of the "Arable land" which is going through the organic conversion process, usually two years period of conversion to organic land.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Area (1'000 Ha) obtained as the sum of areas under “Arable land certified organic” and "Arable land area in conversion to organic”

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Cropland area under a permanent structure with a roof of glass, plastic or other material, used for protecting crops against the weather, pests or diseases.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Part of the area (1'000 Ha) of the "Permanent crops" exclusively dedicated to organic agriculture and managed by applying organic agriculture methods.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Part of the area of the "Permanent crops" (1'000 Ha) which is going through the organic conversion process, usually two years period of conversion to organic land.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Sum of areas (1'000 Ha) under “Permanent crops area certified organic” and "Permanent crops area in conversion to organic”.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Part of the area (1'000 Ha) of the "Permanent meadows and pastures" which is going through the organic conversion process, usually two years period of conversion to organic land.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 ha

Water withdrawal for agricultural use as a share (%) of total water withdrawal by country.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

To ensure wide dissemination of its information, FAO is committed to making its content freely available and encourages the use, reproduction and dissemination of the text, multimedia and data presented. Except where otherwise indicated, content may be copied, printed and downloaded for private study, research and teaching purposes, and for use in non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO as the source and copyright holder is given and that FAO's endorsement of users' views, products or services is not stated or implied in any way.

More details in the FAO Terms and conditions webpage.

Share this page