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Improving access to justice and basic services in the informal settlements in Nairobi : an action research approach

Reports & Research
November, 2015

The ‘Price Penalty’ exists where a poor person pays an above-average price per unit of the facility, product, or service. The ‘Quality Penalty’ refers to the provision of a facility, product, or service of low quality, which is still offered at a price similar to that of higher-quality.

Collective or individual titles? Conflict over tenure regularisation in a Kenyan informal settlement

Journal Articles & Books
August, 2015

Providing formal titles to residents in densely populated informal settlements without fuelling conflict or encouraging gentrification presents several challenges. It has been argued that, in some contexts, forms of collective tenure such as a Community Land Trust may help to overcome some of these problems. This paper analyses one attempt to legalise informal tenure arrangements, minimise relocation and prevent gentrification by introducing collective titling in an informal settlement in Nairobi.

Documento sobre Políticas Públicas - Luis Rojas BASE Investigaciones Sociales. (octubre 2013)

Policy Papers & Briefs
July, 2015

Este material incluye una breve referencia al marco jurídico que orienta la política de reforma agraria y distribución de tierras, una descripción de la política de tierras en los últimos años, el desempeño del organismo de aplicación de dicha política, el Instituto Nacional de Desarrollo Rural y de la Tierra (INDERT), un recuento de los mecanismos existentes para el acceso a la tierra por parte de…

Application of Road Selection Model for Transportation Improvement in Informal Settlements

Journal Articles & Books
June, 2015

The Road Selection Model was developed for the purpose of transportation improvement in informal settlements that minimises demolition of houses and compensation costs required in roads widening. The need of the model was to guide and support decision makers on challenges of widening narrow roads for accessibility and mobility improvement as part of upgrading informal settlements.

Gender and Power Analysis in Five Urban Informal Settlements – Nairobi, Kenya

Reports & Research
June, 2015

The World Bank (2015) classifies Kenya as a lower middle income country and one of East Africa‘s fastest growing economies. According to Society for International Development (SID) however, Kenya remains one of the most unequal societies when compared to of Uganda and Tanzania (SID, 2004). Inequality therefore remains a key challenge to Kenya. In order to respond to this challenge, there is need for a clear understanding of the causes, nature, effects and manifestations of socio-economic inequalities (SID, 2006).

Urban informal settlers displaced by disasters: challenges to housing responses

Reports & Research
May, 2015

IDMC's report explores the challenges in providing sustainable housing assistance to informal urban settlers displaced by disasters. It looks at nine case studies from Asia, America and Europe.

The report identifies the difficulties faced by urban informal settlers in receiving long-term housing assistance in post-disaster situations. Informal settlers are more exposed and vulnerable to displacement and are more likely to be relocated and excluded from the provision of durable housing assistance.

Federal Republic of Nigeria Slum Upgrading, Involuntary Resettlement, Land and Housing

Reports & Research
Training Resources & Tools
May, 2015

This report aims to extract lessons on slum upgrading and involuntary resettlement policies and practices learned from the process of addressing the Badia East case, which involved complex interactions between affected people, NGOs, the Bank and Lagos State Government.

Potential of digital geoinfotechs in planning urban community settlements: the case study of Mlolongo settlement, Nairobi –Kenya

Journal Articles & Books
April, 2015

This research paper attempts
explore the potential
modern digital Geoinformation technologies (GITs)
tools for spatial mapping, planning and management
compared against the hitherto used cadastral

based approaches
Keny, and
Nairobi City settlements
particular. Using a case study
Mlolongo Township, a
pical peri-urban settlement
Nairobi, the potential

Urban Land Acquisition and Involuntary Resettlement

April, 2015

With rapid urbanization and an
increasing number of publicly-funded urban projects, there
is a growing demand to address complex land acquisition and
involuntary resettlement issues in urban settings. A variety
of major urban projects in areas such as urban development,
renewal or upgrading, urban transport, urban watershed
management, water supply and sanitation, and urban solid
waste management require substantial land acquisition and

Land Delivery Systems in West African Cities : The Example of Bamako, Mali

March, 2015
Western Africa

Urban and peri-urban land markets in rapidly expanding West African cities operate within and across different coexisting tenure regimes and involve complex procedures to obtain or make land available for housing. Because a structured framework lacks for the analysis of such systems, this book proposes a systemic approach and applies it to Bamako and its surrounding areas.

Land and Urban Policies for Poverty Reduction : Proceedings of the Third International Urban Research Symposium Held in Brasilia, April 2005, Volume 2

March, 2015

The first paper of this section
(Durand-Laserve) documents how increasing pressures on urban
land and the 'commodification' of shelter and
settlement has increased 'market evictions' of
families holding intermediate tide to property, although
international declarations and pressures have contributed to
reducing 'forced evictions.' The second paper
(Mooya and Cloete) uses the tools of the New Institutional

Video documentary on public awareness activities of Digital land Survey and Settlement

February, 2015

Uttaran ( is a local organisation (Bangladesh) working with vulnerable landowners i.e. women, widow, indigenous, minority and landless people to promote access to land. Uttaran is implementing a project titled, Sustainable Access to Land Equality-SALE' with support of European Union. SALE is the civil society component of overall access to land project that is lead by Department of Land Records and Surveys (DLRS) and Ministry of Land in Bangladesh.