Legal limits to tribal governance: coal mining in Meghalaya, India | Land Portal | Securing Land Rights Through Open Data

Resource information

Date of publication: 
January 2017
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
eldis:A101933
Copyright details: 
Not Known

Land in Meghalaya, India, was traditionally agricultural land, owned by the community. With increasing privatization and rising commercial value of land for non-agricultural use, many owners have sold the land for mining operations. So-called rat-hole coal mining has resulted in environmental degradation as well as in the loss of lives of miners, most of whom are from outside the state. The National Green Tribunal has banned coal mining until safer, more environmentally sound policies and practices are in place. Critics in Meghalaya claim that the ban encroaches on the tribal way of life and point to constitutional provisions exempting Meghalaya from the purview of national mining laws. However, the courts are clear: Meghalaya’s exemptions do not allow them to violate the constitutional right to life of all Indian citizens. The traditional institutions are not strong enough to mitigate the rising inequality among citizens following from mining and other commercial operations.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 
H. Stokke
Publisher(s): 

CMI is an independent development research institute in Norway. With a staff of 70 people, we address issues that shape global developments and generate knowledge that can be used to fight poverty, advance human rights, and promote sustainable social development.

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eldis (ELDIS)

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