Agriculture in India

Land is an important source of identity, symbol of social status and foundation for rural power in India, often carrying significant emotional attachment. With a long history, diverse geography and pluralistic culture, land governance has evolved in India through communal, imperial, feudal, colonial and modern systems, gradually moving towards individualization and conclusive titling.

Learn more about the successes and challenges in India. 

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit: 
Number
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Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit: 
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit: 
1000 Ha

Latest News

16 January 2018
India

Bhubaneswar, Jan 12: The state government has decided to scale up the implementation of Land Rights to Slum Dwellers Act 2017 in all districts.   Housing and Urban Development Secretary G Mathivathanan Friday asked collectors to initiate steps for the successful implementation of the Act.

20 December 2017
India

NEW DELHI: Government's plantation projects under the compensatory afforestation fund scheme cannot be taken up on forest land where forest dwellers' rights have already been recognized, the tribal affairs ministry (MoTA) has said.

11 December 2017
India

Small farmers plant a more diverse variety of crops, making them more resilient to climate change

MUMBAI, Dec 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - India's small farmers are better equipped than large landowners to deal with climate change, but need more support to find innovative ways to minimise the impacts of higher temperatures, uneven rainfall, floods and droughts, analysts said.

About 60 percent of India's population of 1.3 billion depends on agriculture for a living. More than three quarters of farmers cultivate than 2 hectares (5 acres) of land each.

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Organizations

Non Governmental organization

Vision

To serve as an instrument of rural development through application of scientific knowledge and technology. The primary objective of ARTI is to develop, standardise, popularise & commercialise innovative rural technologies aimed at improving the quality of life and standard of living of the rural inhabitants of India.

Non Governmental organization

Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) is a collective of relatives of victims of enforced and involuntary disappearances in Kashmir. Disappearances often end in extra-judicial killings or death by torture. The APDP was formed in 1994 to organize efforts to seek justice and get information on the whereabouts of missing family members. It presently consists of family members of about one thousand victims. APDP actively campaigns for an end to the practice and international crime of involuntary and enforced disappearances at local, national and international platforms.

University or Research Institution

One of the four institutes at ISB’s Mohali campus, the Bharti Institute of Public Policy is an independent think tank with its main objectives as follows: to promote high quality research to guide policy formulation and implementation in India; to train students – both through degree and short-term programs – to better appreciate, formulate and implement policies; as well as to engage with and inform policy formulation and implementation, particularly in developing country settings.

Intergovernmental or Multilateral organization

The Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP) is a regional, intergovernmental and autonomous organisation. It was established on 6 July 1979 at the initiative of the countries of the Asia-Pacific region and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations with support from several other UN bodies and donors. The Centre came into being to meet the felt needs of the developing countries at that time as an institution for promoting integrated rural development in the region.

 

Non-profit organization

CPI’s mission is to help nations grow while addressing increasingly scarce resources and climate risk. This is a complex challenge in which policy plays a crucial role.

Network

Ekta Parishad is a non-violent Gandhi-inspired social movement in India working on land and forest rights at a national level. It has been built up over the last twenty years growing from the local, to the state, to the national and increasingly, to the international level. The purpose of mobilizing an increasingly growing, very large group of poor people into a loosely structured, major grassroots movement, has been to put pressure directly on central and state government bodies in order to press for legal reforms and structural change.

Civil Society Organization

Focus on the Global South was established in 1995 to challenge neoliberalism, militarism and corporate-driven globalisation while strengthening just and equitable alternatives.  We work in solidarity with the Global South - the great majority of humanity that is marginalized and dispossessed by globalisation – believing that progressive social change and Global South solidarity are imperative if the needs and aspirations of oppressed peoples, particularly in Asia, Latin America and Africa, are to be met.

India Governmental Seal
Governmental institution

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture.

Governmental institution

The Government of West Bengal also known as the State Government of West Bengal, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal and its 20 districts. It consists of an executive, led by the Governor of West Bengal, a judiciary and a legislative.

Non Governmental organization

We are a non-governmental not for profit organisation in India. Intercooperation Social Development India (also known as ICSD, IC India) adds value to the development efforts of poor and disadvantaged people and communities, and contributes to continuous improvements of their economic, social and ecological situation. We strive to reduce poverty and socio-economic disparities by enhancing livelihood opportunities through efficient utilization of natural resource and community empowerment, especially that of women.

We work on three broad thematic domains:

Civil Society Organization

Jan Satyagraha 2012 is a movement of all those Indians (and millions of other people around the world) who dream of another India with equal opportunity, justice and peace. The Jan Satyagraha 2012 demands are that people have control over water, land and Forest.

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