Gender and forest, tree and agroforestry value chains - evidence from literature | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
December 2015
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The critical link between gender and forest and tree-based livelihoods is gaining recognition. A growing

body of research has highlighted the role of gender in shaping access to, management of and use of forest, agroforestry and tree (FTA) resources and markets and their associated benefits. Myriad development and trade interventions have affected how men and women participate and interact in value chains as products travel from trees and forests to consumers in local and global markets. There is an increasing realisation that interventions can be further optimized to alleviate poverty, ensure social inclusion and gender equity, enhance food security, nutrition and health, and promote the sustainable management of FTA resources. This section presents a systematic review of 1 studies with the aim of showing 1) the nature of gender differences in FTA value chains; 2) where these differences are concentrated within these value chains; 3) the factors that explain these differences; and 4) the extent to which these differences influence the value chain’s prospects for generating gender - equitable and sustainable outcomes. Using examples of interventions from cocoa and shea chains, the impacts of interventions in these chains are assessed, particularly where they have resulted in gendered outcomes.

Lessons for improving equity and the impacts of chain interventions include focusing on improving participation levels and the benefits derived by both women and men, and to take more account of their relations. Raising social awareness, the use of role models and pilots to stimulate social change, and implementing technological improvements need to be implemented concurrently, in parallel stages of the chain, to achieve structural improvements in gendered participation and benefits. Expectations by policy makers, practitioners and the research community of the long timescales required to effect real changes, for example in customs and tenure changes, need to be realistic.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Ingram, V.
Haverhals, M.
Petersen, S.
Elias, M.
Basnett, B.

Corporate Author(s): 
Instituto de Investigacao Agraria de Mocambique logo

Instituto de Investigação Agrária de Moçambique (IIAM) é uma instituição subordinada ao Ministério da Agricultura e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (MASA), criada pelo Decreto 47/2004, de 27 de Outubro, do Conselho de Ministros. O IIAM congrega várias áreas de pesquisa agrária e resulta da necessidade de integração de esforços, bem como a racionalização e complementaridade de recursos e acções no tocante à pesquisa, desenvolvimento e disseminação de tecnologias agrárias em Moçambique.

Bioversity International is a global research-for-development organization. We have a vision – that agricultural biodiversity nourishes people and sustains the planet.

We deliver scientific evidence, management practices and policy options to use and safeguard agricultural and tree biodiversity to attain sustainable global food and nutrition security.

We work with partners in low-income countries in different regions where agricultural and tree biodiversity can contribute to improved nutrition, resilience, productivity and climate change adaptation.


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CGIAR is the only worldwide partnership addressing agricultural research for development, whose work contributes to the global effort to tackle poverty, hunger and major nutrition imbalances, and environmental degradation.

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