Investment in women and its implications for lifetime incomes | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
December 2003
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
IFPRI-p15738coll2-129680
Pages: 
8 pages

This study examines the implications of gender differences in wealth transfers—farmland and education—on the lifetime incomes of men and women in the rural areas of Ghana, the Philippines, and Sumatra. Based on household surveys of three generations, we tested the hypothesis that parents bequeath their wealth to their sons and daughters in accordance with their comparative advantages in lowland and upland farming and in nonfarm jobs. Therefore, if sons and daughters have comparative advantages in lowland farming and nonfarming activities, respectively, we expect that sons receive a greater area of farmland, whereas daughters receive more schooling, since schooling is particularly important in nonfarm jobs.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Estudillo, Jonna P.; Otsuka, Keijiro

Publisher(s): 

About IFPRI


The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) provides research-based policy solutions to sustainably reduce poverty and end hunger and malnutrition in developing countries. Established in 1975, IFPRI currently has more than 500 employees working in over 50 countries. It is a research center of theCGIAR Consortium, a worldwide partnership engaged in agricultural research for development.


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About IFPRI


The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) provides research-based policy solutions to sustainably reduce poverty and end hunger and malnutrition in developing countries. Established in 1975, IFPRI currently has more than 500 employees working in over 50 countries. It is a research center of theCGIAR Consortium, a worldwide partnership engaged in agricultural research for development.


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