The present Law develops the context, principles and procedures for the right to prior consultation to Indigenous peoples or native regard to the legislative or administrative measures that directly affect them. It is interpreted in accordance with the obligations under Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization (ILO), ratified by the Peruvian State through the Legislative Resolution 26253.
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Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peru declared its independence in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity.