Peru shares the main land-related problems of several South American countries: the existence of very large landholdings (latifundios), on the one hand, and small landholdings (minifundios), on the other, in historical processes marked by the interests of actors such as landowners, agro-industrialists, peasants, and indigenous communities. However, unlike some neighboring countries, the dynamics of these elements are different due to a series of particular agricultural policies and their respective results, which have placed Peru as one of the main producers and exporters of agricultural crops in the region.
Perceived tenure security
The oil company that exploited the their lands “has been an uninvited and messy guest for the past four decades,” declared indigenous communities.
Peruvian Indigenous communities from the northern region of Loreto filed a lawsuit Thursday to order the regional government to comply with the indigenous right to land.
In a statement published in a national newspaper, the council of AIDESEP, which represents over 1800 communities in the Peruvian Amazon called for the repeal and shelving of recent legal reforms being pushed through Peru’s parliament that threaten to further weaken indigenous peoples’ rights to land in favour of development projects. They also announced that they will file a formal complaint to the Inter American Development Bank’s (IDB) complaint mechanism if promised changes to a nationwide land titling programme remain undelivered.