The Decree-Law is set in bold-type and the Decree is set in normal characters. In order to safeguard real estate rights and statutory interests, the register of real estate contains data on all immovable property in the country, on rights in connection thereto and other relevant information. Certain rights come into being through registration. National land and farm planning, the control of proper use of land and of real estate trade, town and country planning, data collection and the determination of financial obligations are all based on information in real estate registers which are open to public scrutiny. There is a presumption of good faith with regard to the acquisition of rights against payment. The administration of registration matters is the responsibility of land registry offices. General administrative procedural rules should be applied to land registration, taking into account particular cases specified in this Law Decree. District land registries have first-level jurisdiction and county land registries have appellate jurisdiction. Registration activity is carried out by the Minister of Agriculture through the executive committees of county governments. Section II deals with the system of real estate registration. The Law-Decree differentiates between individual and common property, public areas, urban and non-urban land, state-owned property, cooperative's property, jointly-owned block of flats and their common areas. Section III requires that estates be registered with the metric system. Profiles of cultivation of arable and forestry land, namely, arable land, meadow, vineyard, orchards, gardens, pastures, reeds and forest, should all be registered. Likewise, the soil quality of arable, forestry and farmlands should be registered. Uncultivated land is specified in article 42 of the Decree. Section IV lays down provisions regarding the registration of changes in ownership and other rights or facts related to the estate. Documents which can be used for registration purposes are specified in articles 76-87. Section V regards the decisions of district land registry offices regarding requests for the registration of changes. Arrangement of requests, notification of the decision, amendment of the decision are ruled in this section. Section VI provides for remedies, namely, appeal and judicial supervision. Section VII deals with the utilization and supply of data contained in real estate registers. Inspection powers, as well as the right to copies of information and their issuance are regulated in this section. Section VIII regulates the elaboration of real estate registers on the basis of the State land register, the cadastral register and the registration and cadastral map.
Implemented by: Decree No. 12 of 1990 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Nutrition regarding land plot registers. (1990-04-30)
Implemented by: Decree No. 27 of 1980 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Nutrition on the transformation of real estate registration. (1994-05-19)
Repealed by: Act CXLI of 1997 on Real Estate Registration. (2014-12-23)
Authors and Publishers
Graviglia, Greta (CONSLEGB)