The Act is divided into 4 Parts: Powers and duties of Canada Lands Surveyors (I); Surveys of Canada lands (II); Special surveys of territorial land (III); General (IV).The Minister of Natural resources shall have the administration, direction and control of surveys under this Act (sect. 3). The Surveyor General shall require every surveyor to verify and affirm by oath or otherwise to the satisfaction of the Surveyor General on each return of his surveys under this Act that the surveyor has faithfully and correctly executed such surveys in accordance with this Act and with any instructions issued to the surveyor by the Surveyor General (sect. 17). The measure of length for surveys under this Act is the Canadian measure of length defined by the Weights and Measures Act (sect. 23). Section 24 contains a definition of "Canada lands". The Minister may direct that Canada Lands be surveyed, laid out and defined in any manner, by any method of surveying and with any description that the Minister considers desirable in the circumstances affecting those lands (sect. 27). Section 35 sets out the scope and purposes of special survey.
Implemented by: National Parks of Canada Lease and Licence of Occupation Regulations (SOR/92-25). (2010-02-02)
Implemented by: Lands Surveys Tariff (C.R.C., c. 1021). (2006-03-22)
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A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.