The Director of Geological Surveys and any officer of his/her Department or any other officer authorized may enter on lands and undertake other actions set out in article 3 for purposes of carrying out geological surveys authorized by the Minister. A notice of survey shall be given in advance to the owner or occupier of the land in question. Surveyors shall not enter any closed courtyard, garden or other space pertinent to a dwelling house without the prior consent of the owner or occupier. Funds shall be made available for compensation of injury caused by the survey. Disputes regarding compensation shall be solved by the local magistrate. Obstruction of officers is defined an offence. (4 sections)
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Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence.