This Act concerns acquisition of privately-owned land for public purposes and related matters such as (assessment of) compensation. If the Governor considers that any land should be acquired for a public purpose he or she may, with the approval of the Legislative Assembly, cause a declaration to that effect to be made and that declaration shall be conclusive evidence that the land to which it relates is required for a public purpose. An authorised officer (as defined by Act No. 9 of 2011) may require information as to interests in land for which a declaration of acquisition or a notification of possible acquisition has been made.
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English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid-19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995.