This Act makes provision with respect to planning and control of development in Montserrat and for these purposes establishes the Planning and Development Authority, defines its functions and powers and provides with respect to its organization and administration. The Authority shall prepare a National Physical Development Plan in accordance with this Act. Development on land requires a permission of the Authority. "Development" shall include the use of land for the purposes of intensive agriculture and the subdivision of agricultural land but excludes normal use of land for the purposes of agriculture or forestry. Unless otherwise directed by the Authority, an application for development permission in respect of a development specified in the Third Schedule to this Act shall be accompanied by an environmental impact assessment of the proposed development.
Implemented by: Physical Planning Regulations (Cap. 8.03) (2002-01-01)
Amended by: Physical Planning (Amendment) Act, 2013 (No. 1 of 2013) (2013-02-01)
Amended by: Physical Planning (Amendment) Act, 2012 (No. 12 of 2012) (2012-07-18)
Amended by: Physical Planning (Amendment) Act, 2016 (No. 6 of 2016). (2016-05-03)
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English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid-19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995.
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