This Act prohibits the conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes except with a written permission granted by the Government as provided for in the text.The Act provides for the establishment of the State Land Use Board and defines its powers and functions, which include: take stock of present land use in the State and lay down broad guidelines for optimum utilization of land; formulate policies and lay down broad guidelines to protect good agricultural lands against degradation; review forest laws with particular reference to the problems relating to the degradation and protection of forest lands; and identify problems and bottlenecks in bringing cultivable waste lands, fallow lands etc. under crop production.The Act further prohibits the transfer of land to persons who are not agriculturalists and makes provision for the possession and utilization of uncultivated land.
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The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture.
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