The National Policy for the Comprehensive Advancement and Development of Women (PNPDIM) and the Equal Opportunity Plan (PEO) 2008–2023 are a cross-sectoral policy and plan to be implemented at the national level for a period of 15 years, from 2008 to 2023. The main objective of the PNDPIM and PEO is to promote the development of Mayan, Garifuna, Xinca and mestizo women in all spheres of economic, social, political and cultural life. The PNDPIM and PEO also provide for the following three specific objectives: 1) verify, monitor and follow up the implementation process of the PNPDIM and PEO at the different levels of government; 2) periodically evaluate the result of the implementation of the PNPDIM and its effect on the lives of women; and 3) integrate the different policy lines, programmes and goals of the PNPDIM and PEO in the different general and specific policies of the ministries, secretariats and institutions of the Executive branch. The PNDPIM and PEO are divided into 12 policy lines, each of them have their respective programmes, sub-programmes, projects and activities. The 12 policy lines are: 1) economic and productive development with equity; 2) natural resources, land, and housing; 3) educational equity with cultural relevance; 4) equity in the development of comprehensive health with cultural relevance; 5) eradication of violence against women; 6) legal equity; 7) racism and discrimination against women; 8) equity and identity in cultural development; 9) employment equity; 10) institutional mechanisms; 11) socio-political participation; and 12) cultural identity of mayan, garifuna and xinca women.The PNDPIM and PEO seek to address hunger issues by ensuring full access, use, availability and enjoyment by women of policies, plans, programmes, and projects for food and nutritional security and sovereignty. Access to comprehensive health services and sanitation for Mayan, Garifuna, Xinca, and mestizo women is further promoted.The PNDPIM and PEO seek to secure the creation, promotion, development and sustainability of economic and productive initiatives for women at local, national and international level (see policy line on economic and productive development with equity).The PNDPIM and PEO seek to create policies and programs that reduce the impact of macroeconomic policies on the lives of women nationwide, including rural areas. In addition, they seek to ensure conditions for the autonomous participation of women in the economy: local, national and international. They also seek to guarantee women’s access to property ownership, use of natural resources, right of land, and rural development.The PNDPIM and PEO seek to implement public policies to ensure that Maya, Garifuna and Xinca women participate in decision-making for the administration, defence, protection and recovery of their territory, cultural, natural, and genetic assets, as well as intellectual property. Particularly, they aim to ensure the right of Mayan, Garifuna, Xinca and mestizo women to consultation on any action that might affect the use of natural resources in their territory.The PNDPIM and PEO seek to ensure that women have security, assistance, and counsel, as well as humanitarian, psychological, legal and social support in emergencies and disasters. They also seek to encourage, promote and implement economic solidarity programmes for women victims of disasters and natural phenomena. In addition, they call for legislative and administrative measures concerning access of women victims of disasters to decent housing and risk management programs. Lastly, they also seek to implement ongoing training and awareness programmes and projects targeting women in the national languages on the management for disaster risk reduction.The PNDPIM and PEO provides for a very detailed governance plan for all its policy lines. Each policy line has a list of actions with clear goals and indicators, as well as predetermined times frames and responsible institutions for their development and implementation. Overall, the PNDPIM and PEO call for the inclusion and active participation of Mayan, Gaifuna, Xinca, and mestizo women in their implementation. In addition, PNDPIM and PEO also identify the following as key actors for their implementation: a) institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women within the State; b) the various ministries, secretariats and institutions of the executive, legislature and judiciary; c) networks of women's organizations.
Implemented by: Acuerdo Gubernativo Nº 50-2015: Reglamento orgánico interno del Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales. (2015-02-04)