These Regulations are enacted in order to strengthen the protection, management, construction and rational development and utilization of . The Text consists of 47 Articles divided into 7 Chapters: General provisions (I); Rights and ownership of animal husbandry land (II); Animal husbandry land development (III); Animal husbandry land management (IV); Institutions and duties (V); Rewards and punishment(VI); Supplementary Provisions (VII).Article 7 provides for the pastoral lands owned by the State, including: (1) animal husbandry land allocated by the State to units owned by the State; (2) the state-owned forest land approved to be commissioned; etc. Article 8 provides for the pastoral lands under the collective ownership. Once pastoral land's ownership and use rights are determined, the people's Government of the county (city) shall register it and issue certificates.
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For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people.
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