Land confiscation is one of the leading causes of protest
and unrest in Burma, having led to the forced
displacement of hundreds of thousands of people in
recent years. It also undermines Burma’s fragile peace
•The 2008 constitution and subsequent laws are used
legitimize arbitrary land confiscation, deny access
justice, and perpetuate an environment of impunity...
Land confiscation for profitable large-scale development
and commercial projects enrich the military, state-
enterprises, and regime cronies, but result in the
livelihood and human rights abuses for local
Land confiscation often involves violence, resulting in
grievous injury, to force people off their land, or
suppress resistance to land confiscation...
Benefiting from land grabs, linked in some cases to
ethnic cleansing or war atrocities, poses a risk to
investors and increases their exposure to judicial
Prevailing censorship and other institutional obstr
hinder access to accurate information required for
due diligence processes.
It is in the interests of the international corpora
te community to ensure that legislative and
institution reforms include equitable and transpare
nt land acquisition procedures and
measures to protect communities from impunity...
Since President Thein Sein took office in 2011, the
allowed unbridled land confiscation for infrastructure,
commercial and military development projects...
constitution identifies the state as being the ultimate owner of all
land in Burma. Antiquated laws such as the 1894 Lan
Acquisition Act give the regime the right to take o
ver any land,
making local people extremely vulnerable to forced
without any recourse to remedy.
Given that an estimated 70% of the population depend on small-
and medium-scale agriculture for their livelihoods,
confiscation has had a devastating impact.
Authors and Publishers
ALTSEAN-Burma (Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma) is a network of organizations and individuals based in ASEAN member states working to support the movement for human rights and democracy in Burma. The network is comprised of human rights & social justice NGOs, political parties, think tanks, academics, journalists and student activists. We were formed at the conclusion of the Alternative ASEAN Meeting on Burma held at Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, in October 1996.
The Online Burma/Myanmar Library (OBL) is a non-profit online research library mainly in English and Burmese serving academics, activists, diplomats, NGOs, CSOs, CBOs and other Burmese and international actors. It is also, of course, open to the general public.