The coastal sub-region of South Asia including Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka harbours some of the world’s most significant coastal and marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass meadows, river deltas and estuaries. They play a crucial role in reducing the effects of natural disasters. The paper reviews the status of coastal and marine ecosystem management in the region to enable adoption of an integrated approach to ecosystem management for effective risk reduction.
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