The eradication of hunger and poverty largely depend on how people, communities and others gain access to land. The livelihoods of many, particularly the rural poor including women, are based on secure and equitable access to and control over land and other natural resources. Land is a source of food and shelter; the basis for social, cultural and religious practices; and a central factor in economic growth.
However, women who on average comprise 43 percent of the agricultural labour force in developing countries and are heavily involved in food and cash crops production have less access than men to productive resources and opportunities across all regions. For instance, available data show that women landholders are significantly fewer than male landholders in all regions of the world. Moreover, evidence also reveals that, women who hold land generally have smaller plots, of an inferior quality and with less secure rights
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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information.
The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (UNCCD) is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements.