Land governance across borders or transnational land governance looks at rule making, standard setting and institution building across borders. Empirically, one can see a variety of patterns of regulatory governance emerging. The studies commissioned by IGAD in 2016 reviewing the of land governance systems in the IGAD Member States identified four transnational elements:
- State sovereignty over land.
- Legal pluralism (customary and statutory).
- Gender biases in access to land.
- Land tenure insecurity and land conflicts.
IGAD through this project with support from the Swedish Embassy seeks to improve the performance of the land administration function in the IGAD region moving these closer to convergence and enabling the implementation of cross border initiatives that have a bearing on land. This project intends to deliver the following four result:
- Enhanced Capacity Development of IGAD Region on gender responsive land administration.
- Strengthened gender mainstreaming in land administration for the IGAD Region.
- Strengthened Capacity of the IGAD Region to implement land monitoring.
- Strengthened IGAD Land Governance project coordination and Implementation.
This project focuses on documenting best practices and generating mode or prototypes on land administration and management that can be replicated or scaled up. The model/prototype generated are mainstreamed by gender and will be used as learning ground and adaptation for use by the IGAD Member States with the expectation that there will be increased systemic change in how land governance functions at Member States level.
THE OBJECTIVE OF THE ASSIGNMENT
Carry out a documentation of best practices and potentially promising approaches to ensuring that women’s different conditions, needs and interests are addressed in land governance initiatives in the IGAD Region.
Gender-based inequalities around land is prevalent across most countries in the region. This is in part due to some customary norms and practices which vest male members with the power to deal with important assets such as land. This is particularly so in patriarchal societies, which favor men/boys rights over women/girls. Within associated customary systems, women often have weaker and more temporary customary rights, often mediated through the men in their family. As inheritance is the primary mode of transferring land and is primarily practiced according to custom, sons are much more likely than daughters to have rights to land in many African contexts including in the IGAD region. Virtually all societies in the IGAD regional bloc are primarily patriarchal and, even in some areas of Member States where there are matrilineal societies, these are increasingly giving way to patrilineal systems. Even where matrilineal systems prevail, some matrilineal customs and practices afford women secure rights to land, while others recognize women’s right to inherit land, but men remain the primary decision makers over land.
Adopting a regional agenda to addressing women’s land rights not only broadens the scope and dimensions of the women’s land rights question, but it enables synergy building, cross country learning and spurs healthy competition among states in improving the conditions of women. This assignment is geared to support the IGAD Land Governance Unit Identify common threads as well as gaps that need to be addressed/ and or scaled up towards gender equality in the IGAD region.
HOW TO APPLY
1. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) now invites eligible and qualified consultants/firms to submit their proposals as per theTORs attached.
2. Bidding will be conducted through the Selection, Evaluation and Award Criteria of IGAD Procurement Manual January 2017 edition.
3. For submission of accurate proposal, a complete and detailed Terms of Reference (TOR) in English language is attached to this Request for Proposal (RFP).
4. Individuals, consortium of individuals with a team leader or firms may apply fulfilling the requirements in the Terms of Reference.
A cover letter expressing interest must be submitted together with
- A technical Proposal
- Financial Proposal
- Letters of Reference for previous clients
5. The email must clearly state the assignment applied for and marked.
6. The Technical and Financial proposals shall be sent to IGAD Secretariat Procurement Unit to address given below. Late proposal will be rejected.
7. Women applicants are encouraged.
8. The deadline for submitting the Proposals will be at or before 5:00 pm on 15th November 2019 and address for submitting of the proposals will be:
Administration and Finance, IGAD Secretariat
Avenue Georges Clemenceau
P.O. Box 2653
Djibouti, Rep. of Djibouti